Macey Soraya. Research Tips. February 25th , 2021.
You must be able to recognize the signs of plagiarism in research papers. Since the number of papers on research and writing has been increasing over the years, some people have taken it upon themselves to create fake copies and pass them off as originals. You will be amazed at how easy it is for even a good student to become accused of plagiarizing.
The first thing you should look for when you are reading research papers is whether or not there is a directly quoting of another person's work within the paper. If there are quotes, this must be identified where it came from and the full quote should then be noted. If you find it is copied directly from another source, then that is plagiarism. It is important that whenever you are reading a paper that you check to see if the information has been lifted directly from another source. You don't have to jump to conclusions here; it is quite possible that the paper you are reading has been copied from someone else's paper and you simply didn't realize it.
Now, the second thing you should look for in a research paper is copying a phrase. There is an underlying principle at play here: the phrase used in the paper must have a purpose, and this purpose must be clear to the reader. For plagiarism to be committed, the phrase used in the paper must have no other meaning besides to give the author's point of view. If a phrase is repeated in the paper and it simply serves to inform rather than to give ideas, then you probably have a plagiarism problem.
Of course, there are a few instances where the paper can be legitimately written as an original. For example, if you take part in an oral debate at a university and you quote the words of an expert in your debate, you will have been borrowing this expert's formulation. However, many times this is not the case with most research papers. Therefore, if you find a paper with heavy plagiarism in its title, you should mark it as fake, even if it is an interesting paper and well written.
Next, you should check the university's website for its policies on plagiarism. Often, these policies will be found on the university website or they will be easily accessible to the contact person for the department of the university. If the policy is not easy to find and access, ask the contact person for a copy. This will show that the research paper was written by an individual other than the one who is responsible for writing it.
Also, if you find a university website that has a copy of a research paper and you can read between the lines, then you may have found another rogue researcher. There are a lot of people who are skilled in English composition and they can make simple grammatical errors in the paper. However, the most common form of plagiarism is copying entire sections from an article or book without citing the source as the original author. This is also considered illegal unless you are using the information for a purpose associated with the information. For example, if you are writing a research paper on ants and you take information from a single ant species web page without citing the source, this will almost certainly constitute plagiarism.
Plagiarism can happen in several different ways. In most cases, it will be found in the form of copied sentences or paragraphs from a previous research paper. Sometimes, the information from the internet will be blatantly plagiarized without the author's knowledge. Finally, some researchers will take information from several different research papers, only include their names in the summary, whereas the full papers are left unchanged.
How to avoid it is quite easy. The most important thing is to read the paper over several times and make sure that you can recognize the different forms of plagiarism. If you have doubts, do not publish your research paper until you have double-checked it. As with all print documents, it is also wise to consult an expert on these matters, especially if you are a student. Fortunately, most instructors nowadays have self-checking software that can check for plagiarism and ensure that the paper is a good, original copy.
From : ori.hhs.gov
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